Thursday, 28 April 2016
Mekhela Chador- Assamese Handloom
As per Third National Handloom Census Of Weavers And Allied Workers 2010, Assam has largest concentration of handloom worker households (21.7%) in country. Around 8.74 lakh(38.5%) handloom households produce Mekhla-chaddar, though most for domestic use(62%) rather than for commercial purpose. The North-Eastern states have a predominantly female (99%) adult work force and handloom weaving is part of the culture across all social groups. Major type of looms used in the region are Frame looms (78%) and loin looms (21%).
The yarns used are cotton, eri silk, muga silk and pat silk and their combination. Assam’s handloom industry is basically silk oriented as the climate of Assam is suitable for sericigenous flora and fauna. Fabric is woven in plain or twill weave with check or stripe design and is characterized by a border with extra wrap or weft design. Dying, complex weaving techniques and dense figural decoration are not features usually associated with handlooms of Assam.
1. Third National Handloom Census Of Weavers And Allied Workers 2010
2. ARTS & CRAFTS of North-East http://ignca.nic.in/craft252.htm#Dyeing